What is permaculture?

The three ethics of permaculture

  • Nature care                                   
  • People care
  • Fair allocation of ressources

are the point of departure for all activities in permaculture.




Holistic solutions
Permaculture was born as an answer to the economic, social, energetic, climate and environmental crisis that people have and are experiencing.

In its essence, permaculture is solution-oriented and is continuously  more wide-spread as more and more people are informed about and grasp those opportunities of action we have of rebuilding  and increasing the natural resources.

Nature as a model
Permaculture is about learning from and working with nature and bases itself on the basic recognition that humans are not separated from nature but rather a part of it.

If you look at natural ecosystems, it is clear that those which are most well-functioning are those which are untouched by humans. For example, a forest is not only self-sufficient but also builds up resources in terms of soil and habitat for a diversity of plants and animals.

All species (plants, insects, mushrooms…) have different and important functions in the ecosystem. Therefore, it is important to make sure they all have habitats and thrive – not only humans.

That said, we humans should of course also be here and feel well! Just not on the expense of others.

Permaculture design
Permaculture is built on design. A good design creates a well-functioning system and at the same time minimizes the amount of work in long terms.  Permaculture may cover all kind of social activities including cultivation, construction, communication, research and education.

In a permaculture design, the placement of the various elements (house, buildings, people, animals, orchard, etc.) in relation to each other is essential. The principle of zone-location is crucial. It entails placing the elements most used are placed as close as possible to the area where you spend most of your time.

Also fundamental to permaculture is that the elements should be connected in a way that is useful. An output of one element is used in another element. In a good permaculture design, the elements have diverse functions, which cover each other’s needs. In this way, you obtain a closed system in which waste and pollution is not created. This kind of system thinking is vital to creating a sustainable society.

In order to make a good design, it is necessary to have a deep knowledge of the local conditions and elements that are influencing the system.  This requires knowledge of nature in general, long-term observation and practical experience. However, some abilities we can all acquire.  If you are curious, you can consider joining one of the courses we offer. There are both short introduction courses and long courses. Here, you will be introduced to various topics and tools, which are basic to understand and work with permaculture.

Welcome to the Permaculture Association of Denmark!