Permaculture as educational system



You can do an introduction course in permaculture, which often is over a weekend.

There are also specialised courses in permaculture, for example on forest gardens, cultivation of perennial vegetables, advanced permaculture design, permaculture teacher training, etc. (check out the calender).

Since permaculture as a field is very broad and often quite technical, we have established a common, international system for education and teaching in permaculture. And to maintain a certain degree of quality control of how permaculture is used and presented, we have developed two “quality markers”:

Certificate- and diplomaholders in Scandinavia

It is uncertain how many certificate-holders there are in the Nordic countries. Since the late 1980s when permaculture started spreading its roots in Scandinavia, we have given out quite a lot of certificates on our own courses. In Denmark, we estimate that around 400 have been certified during our own courses. Many of these certificate-holders still work with environmental issues in various ways.

The following is a list of the diploma-holders in Norway, Sweden and Denmark:

Norway: Frederica Miller, Marianne Leisner, Ingvald Erga, Herwig Pommeresche, Jan Martin Bang og Julio Perez.
Sweden: Bertil Thermaenius, Helena von Bothmer, Lennart Pranter, Esbjörn Wandt, Peter Norrtron, Maria Svennbeck og Ralf Palmpers.
Denmark: Tony Andersen, Jesper Saxgren, Poul Erik Pedersen, Mira Illeris, Esben Schultz, Cathrine Dolleris, Tycho Holcomb, Karoline Nolsø Aaen og Petra Dall.

See some of the Danish diploma-designs here.


Permaculture was born in the 1970s as a collaboration between Bill Mollison and David Holmgren in a period in which they were both affiliated to the University of Tasmania. Since then, permaculture (PC) has developed into a network across various professions and countries with a great diversity of work- and study fields.

In general, the permaculture network is a very open and flexible network. And we would like it to continue being that. There is no centralised top-down managament. Based on agreements that were and are continuously made on the international congresses, the network is de-centralised.

Welcome to the Permaculture Association of Denmark!